Electrical Starter Solenoid Wiring

Swhitney

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Feb 11, 2019
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Can someone please provide a wiring diagram for my 1992 starter solenoid? I'm in the process of putting this thing back together and didn't note what wire goes where. Does the main power wire from the battery go on the right side and the rest of the wires connect to the left?


Screenshot 2021-03-07 205909.jpg


Thank you,
Sean
 
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KRUISR

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Everything connects on same side as battery EXCEPT wire to starter which goes on the other post. Smaller gauge wire comes from ignition switch to trigger for power to starter.
 

jrichker

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Can someone please provide a wiring diagram for my 1992 starter solenoid? I'm in the process of putting this thing back together and didn't note what wire goes where. Does the main power wire from the battery go on the right side and the rest of the wires connect to the left?


Screenshot 2021-03-07 205909.jpg


Thank you,
Sean
No Crank checklist for 5.0 Mustangs

Revised 05-Oct-2010 to update Fluke references.

No crank. slow crank and stuck starter solenoid problems have the same root causes – low battery voltage and poor connections. For that reason, they are grouped together.
Use the same initial group of tests to find the root cause of both no crank and stuck solenoid problems.

Since some of the tests will bypass the safety interlocks, make sure that the car is in neutral and the parking brake is set. Becoming a pancake isn’t part of the repair process…


1.) Will the car start if it is jumped? Then clean battery terminals and check battery for low charge and dead cells. A good battery will measure 12-13 volts at full charge with the ignition switch in the Run position but without the engine running.
A voltmeter placed across the battery terminals should show a minimum of 9.5-10 volts when the ignition switch is turned to the Start position and the starter engages or tries to engage. Less than this will result in a clicking solenoid, or slow cranking (if it cranks at all) or a starter solenoid that sticks and welds the contacts together.

Most auto parts stores will check your battery for free. It does not have to be installed in the car to have it checked; you can carry it with you to the auto parts store.

The battery posts and inside of the battery post terminals should be scraped clean with a knife or battery post cleaner tool. This little trick will fix a surprising number of no start problems.

The clamp on with 2 bolts battery terminal ends are a known problem causer. Any place you see green on a copper wire is corrosion. Corrosion gets in the clamped joint and works its way up the wire under the insulation. Corroded connections do not conduct electricity well. Avoid them like the plague...

If the starter solenoid welds the contacts, then the starter will attempt to run anytime there is power in the battery. The cables and solenoid will get very hot, and may even start smoking. The temporary fix for a welded starter solenoid is to disconnect the battery and smack the back of the solenoid housing a sharp blow with a hammer. This may cause the contacts to unstick and work normally for a while.

A voltmeter is handy if you are familiar with how to use it to find bad connections. Measure the voltage drop across a connection while trying to start the car: more than .5 volts across a connection indicates a problem.

See http://assets.fluke.com/appnotes/automotive/beatbook.pdf for help for help troubleshooting voltage drops across connections and components. .

attachments\64167


2.) Check the battery to engine block ground down near the oil filter, and the ground behind the engine to the firewall. All grounds should be clean and shiny. Use some sandpaper to clean them up.

3.) Jump the big terminals on the starter solenoid next to the battery with a screwdriver - watch out for the sparks! If the engine cranks, the starter and power wiring is good. The starter relay is also known as a starter solenoid.

The rest of the tech note only concerns no crank problems. If your problem was a stuck solenoid, go back to step 1.

4.) Then pull the small push on connector (small red/blue wire) off the starter solenoid (Looks like it is stuck on a screw). Then jump between the screw and the terminal that is connected to the battery. If it cranks, the relay is good and your problem is in the rest of the circuit.

5.) Remember to check the ignition switch, neutral safety switch on auto trans and the clutch safety switch on manual trans cars. If they are good, then you have wiring problems.

Typical start circuit...
Diagram courtesy of Tmoss & Stang&2birds
attachments\21328



6.) Pull the starter and take it to AutoZone or Pep Boys and have them test it. Starter fails test, then replace it. If you got this far, the starter is probably bad.


Starter solenoid wiring for 86-91 Mustang
attachments\52294

Starter solenoid wiring 92-93 Mustang or earlier Mustang with upgraded high torque mini starter.
attachments\53216\


Electrical checks for the switches and starter solenoid

Remove the small red/blue wire from the starter solenoid. Use a screwdriver to bridge the connection from the battery positive connection on the starter solenoid to the small screw where the red/blue wire was connected. The starter should crank the engine. If it does not, the starter solenoid is defective.

If the starter does crank the engine, the problem is in the clutch safety circuit (5 speed) or Neutral Sense Switch (auto trans) or ignition switch.


Typical start circuit...
Diagram courtesy of Tmoss & Stang&2birds
attachments\21328

attachment.php


You will need a voltmeter or test lamp for the rest of the checks. Connect one lead of the voltmeter or test lamp to ground. The other lead will connect to the item under test.
Look for 12 volts on the white/pink wire when the ignition switch is turned to the Start position. Check the ignition switch first.
No 12 volts, replace the ignition switch.

The next step will require you to push the clutch pedal to the floor (5 speed) or put the transmission in neutral (auto trans) while the ignition switch is turned to the Start position.
Good 12 volts, check the clutch safety switch (5 speed) or Neutral Sense Switch (auto trans) for good 12 volts on both sides of the switches. No 12 volts on both sides of the switch and the switches are defective or out of adjustment. Check the wiring for bad connections while you are at it.
 
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Mustang5L5

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What side does the battery and all the leads go to?

Does not matter. When you turn the ignition to start, both sides of the relay are connected. All you are doing here is putting ALL of the power feeds on one side, and the single wire that triggers the starter relay (the one mounted on the starter) on the opposite side. When you turn the key to start, 12V goes down the single small wire to the top center post and causes the relay to close sending power from the side with ALL the connections over to the side with the wire that will go down to the starter.

Put the wires on whatever side is more convenient for the sake of your install.
 
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Mustang5L5

i'm familiar with penetration
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What are the wire colors?

tough to say since the wire loom is not factory and the terminals have been changed. Based on appearances they look like the ECU ground, but there is only one of those. P
 

Mustang5L5

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you can test continuity to the battery terminals and see which rings out, but that’s assuming the other ends of those wires are connected to where they need to go.
 

Swhitney

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Feb 11, 2019
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Oregon City
I feel like these factory wires should standout.

A part of me thinks they all go to the solenoid. Also, I am leaning towards the fact that there are so many unplugged wires from not having an engine in place, so there are a lot of open circuits.

IMG_2165.jpg


IMG_2167.jpg
IMG_2166.jpg
 

90sickfox

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The black with white stripe and black plastic connector is the computer ground. Do not hook that to 12v.
 
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Swhitney

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Feb 11, 2019
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I think I've solved most of the wiring problem, but the weird part is my interior lights don't come on when flipping on the switch, and the visor lights don't come on.
 

Mustang5L5

i'm familiar with penetration
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What year is this car?

I think you've missed a wire that should be connected to the positive terminals. Should feed off a black wire with orange stripe
 
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Swhitney

Member
Feb 11, 2019
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Oregon City
Thank you for everyone's help. I managed to solve my problem, and am sure glad I did not plug a few of those wires into a 12v source. My ultimate problem was my own fault for not re-plugging the computer back in after removing the dash... My bad.